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  Guide Horse Foundation         

The Guide Horse Foundation
Guide Horse Foundation

A non-profit charity dedicated to providing free guides for visually impaired individuals.

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Patricia Cornwell with Trip, one of the horses she donated to the guide Horse Foundation

Patricia Cornwell with Trip

Don and Janet Burleson - Copyright 2000 by Lisa Carpenter

Copyright © 2000 by Lisa Carpenter

Dan with Cuddles - Copyright (c) 2001 by Cathleen MacDonald
Copyright © 2001 by Cathleen MacDonald

Cuddles in Harness - Copyright (c) 2001 by Cathleen MacDonald

Copyright © 2001 by Cathleen MacDonald

Don and Janet with Trip and Ras

Copyright © 2000 by Lisa Carpenter

Cuddles on the first flight of a horse on a commercial flight

Copyright © 2001 by Erik Lesser
The worlds first horse to fly in the passenger cabin

Cuddles guiding Dan Shaw

Copyright © 2001 by Erik Lesser

Cuddles at Lunch

Copyright © 2001 by Erik Lesser

Copyright © 2001 by Wiley Miller



Guide horses

Privacy Policy


Mom! Look! There’s a horse in this restaurant!

By Judith A. Grove

Yes. Someday soon, you too may see a horse sharing your favorite restaurant. But, the horse will probably be smaller than the German shepherd seeing-eye dog you might expect to see with a blind person. What you may see someday is a guide horse, a tiny little horse which has been trained to serve blind people in the same way that dogs have been trained to do for years. (The horses are not called seeing-eye horses because the dog people have trademarked that terminology.) You may also see a little horse-on-a-guide-leash on an el train or a shopping mall escalator. All guide horses are trained to ride in passenger vehicles and use escalators and elevators, and some are trained to ride in busses, taxi cabs, and subway trains.

But, you ask, "Where will the horse sit or stand or ??, in a restaurant?" Under the table or beside it, like a guide dog. The horses currently being trained as guide horses are actually called pygmy horses because they are even smaller than many miniature horses. To be a guide horse, the horse must be less than 26 inches high at the "withers". (The withers is the highest point on the horse's back, between the shoulder blades.) Typically, guide horses weigh between 50 and 100 pounds. Definitely smaller than most guide dogs.

Who provides such guide horses?

The North Carolina-based Guide Horse Foundation, founded in 1999, trains the guide horses and makes them available to appropriate handlers. Currently there are two people using guide horses full time, and these “handlers” say that their equine guides are performing even beyond their expectations. The Foundation reports a strong demand for their horses, and, according to horse trainer Jan Burleson, the originator of the guide horse idea, nine more little horses are currently in training.

Horses will be provided free of charge to appropriate “handlers” who are blind. (Although the handler may have to pay to attend the required horse-human team training.) Handlers do not really own their horses; they have no right to sell the little horses. If the Foundation finds that a horse is being misused or abused or otherwise harmed, the Foundation can take the horse back. Likewise, if the handler wants to give the horse up, the Foundation will take it back, and when horses reach “retirement age” when they it is assumed they can no longer perform their guide duties effectively, the handler can keep the horse as a companion animal or return it to the Foundation to allow it to live its life out in comfort.

Why would someone want a guide horse?

The Foundation reports that a Discovery Channel survey showed that 27% of the people responding indicated that they would prefer a guide horse if they ever required a guide animal. Why? Why would someone prefer a guide horse to a guide dog?

Well, some people are horse lovers who just happen to be blind. They may have grown up around horses, love them, and understand them. Some people are afraid of dogs, especially dogs large enough to serve as guide dogs, but would not fear the little horses. Other people may be allergic to dogs and find horses are an allergy-free alternative-and horses don’t get fleas. Older people or people who have other physical disabilities, in addition to blindness, often find a little horse easier to manage because of the horse’s docile nature. In addition, the horse is sturdy enough to provide support for the handler rising from a wheelchair.

Then too, many people (blind or sighted) have suffered the grief of losing a beloved dog, and horses commonly live to be 25-35 years old or older--much older than dogs. And, if the handler does not need the guide animal on a 24/7 basis, the horse can live outside, provided proper shelter is provided for it. (It also can double as a lawn mower.) Yes, a guide horse can be house-trained and live indoors. It can even lie on your couch like a dog! To protect their little hooves (they don't wear metal shoes like traditional horses) and to keep them from slipping on hard slick surfaces, the little horses sometimes wear tiny little horsey tennis shoes! Honest.

Why is a horse suited to be a guide animal?

Horses have excellent vision. Because their eyes are mounted on the sides of their heads, they have nearly 350 degree vision. They can see almost in a complete circle around them. They also have excellent night vision and can see clearly in almost total darkness. They are strong and sturdy and reliable.

Horses are also quite intelligent and excel at tasks that require long-term memory. They can actually be trained to do many things. One trainer taught his (full-sized) Arabian to catch a Frisbee! Now he is trying to teach the horse to throw the Frisbee. All guide horses must pass a field intelligence test to be accepted into the guide program, and they are trained to readily accept new experiences. A horse is a herd animal, and once the trained guide horse bonds with its handler, it accepts the handler as the “dominant horse,” the herd leader. The horses undergo hundreds of hours of training, modeled upon the training given to guide dogs but using “horse psychology.” It takes six months to a year to complete a horse's training. Horses are taught to respond to voice commands, and “basic training” includes 23 voice commands. Human handlers must undergo training in how to work with and use their little equine companions.

While some people assume that all horses are easily “spooked” by sudden movement or loud noises, guide horses are selected for their calm nature; unusually nervous horses or horses with any health problems are screened out. Guide horses are trained to remain calm in noisy or chaotic situations; all guide horses undergo the same kind of desensitization training given to police horses trained for riot-control

Do these horses make good companions?

While they do not seek affection with the intensity that a dog might, this fact allows the horses to focus more intensely on their guidework. According to the guide horse trainers, when off duty, many of the little horses follow their handlers around seeking companionship and affection, and they enjoy sharing the daily activities of their handlers. The horses love to be scratched, petted, and groomed. They can be trained to sleep quietly beside their handlers during the night. Rubbing the horse’s tummy helps it go to sleep, the experts say.
The little horses often seem to anticipate the desires and wishes of the handler even before any commands are issued, according to trainers and observers. One of the goals of the final on-site training with horse and handler is to increase the bond between human and horse.

The little horse is compatible with other house pets, but it should never be left alone with a large dog, as large unsupervised dogs can be a serious threat to the small horses. Neither should the horse be left in an un-fenced area where large dogs could reach the horse. Like any companion animal, the horse requires the necessities of life, including food, water, and shelter. The horse also needs regular medical attention and a farrier (a person who shoes standard-size horses) to trim his hooves every six to eight weeks. A horse does not naturally have a strong smell, and regular grooming and occasional bathing (too much dries his skin) will assure he is a pleasant companion to live with.

Can guide horses go anywhere guide dogs can go?

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) does not specifically mention dogs as assistance animals, but the law defines a “service animal” as any animal that assists the disabled. It is against Federal law to refuse admittance to any properly trained service animal in public places, including restaurants, stores and public transportation. Landlords may not discriminate against a person with an assistance animal, and miniature horses acting as service animals are exempt from all local, county and state animal restrictions. Service animals may only be denied entrance if they pose a risk to safety or health or if they disrupt the business.

How can someone apply for a guide horse?

The Guide Horse Foundation has a website at Further information about the horses is available on this helpful site. For additional information or to inquire about the application process, contact the Foundation at


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Training Miniature Horses as Guide Animals for the Blind

Janet Burleson

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Copyright © 1998 - 2005 by the Guide Horse Foundation Inc. 

Guide Horse ® Guidehorse ®  and Helping Hooves ® are registered trademarks.


The Guide Horse Foundation has the utmost respect for The Seeing Eye® and their seventy-two years of outstanding work with assistance animals for the blind. Even though the press often calls our horses "seeing eye horses", please note that The Guide Horse Foundation is not affiliated with or sanctioned by the Seeing-Eye® or any of the Guide Dog training organizations. Seeing-Eye® is a registered trademark of the Seeing-Eye, Inc.